Pharmacists work either in a community or retail pharmacy or in a hospital or clinical pharmacy.
Community or Retail Pharmacist
You could be:
supplying over the counter and prescribed medicines to the general public
making sure that medicines are stored securely and correctly labelled
checking that dosages and instructions on prescriptions are accurate and clear
referring back to a doctor if there is a problem, for example a conflict with other medication the person is taking
preparing prescriptions and advising people how to use medicines properly
managing and training other pharmacy support staff
advising customers on a range of health matters and referring them to their doctor or dentist if needed
carrying out cholesterol and blood pressure checks and diabetes screening
keeping records and business accounts up to date and handling cash.
Hospital or Clinical Pharmacist
You could be:
making sure that drugs and medicines are stored securely and correctly labelled
checking the quality of medical products
preparing drugs and medical products and arranging for them to be delivered to various hospital departments
maintaining and ordering supplies
advising and informing staff and patients on the best drugs to use
making rounds of the wards with other medical staff to see patients and discuss medication
training and supervising pharmacy support staff
keeping records and completing forms.
Pay rates can vary depending on whether the pharmacist works with the National Health Service (NHS), with a private practice, or is self-employed.
Pharmacists working within the NHS are on Agenda for Change scales. The current pay scales are from April 2020. Pre-registration pharmacists are normally on Band 5, £25,100 to £31,649 a year. After registration pharmacists are on Band 6, £31,800 to £39,169 a year. Clinical and specialist pharmacists are on Band 7, £39,300 to £46,006 a year. Senior pharmacists and team leaders are on Band 8a, £49,480 to £53,414 a year and Band 8b, £59,539 to £64,095 a year.
Salaries for community pharmacists range from £23,000 to £50,000 a year depending on experience and size of pharmacy.
Community or retail pharmacists work in shops including chain stores and supermarkets – they may visit people at home.
Hospital or clinical pharmacists work in laboratories or dispensaries and may visit patients in the wards or in residential homes – they may sometimes work in health centres.
All types of pharmacists usually work regular hours although retail pharmacists may have to work at weekends or in the evening, and hospital pharmacists sometimes have to work shifts.
Flexible or part time hours are possible.
Pharmacists usually have to wear a white lab coat or other protective clothing.
You need a degree in pharmacy. In Scotland, the University of Strathclyde and Robert Gordon University offer a Master of Pharmacy (MPharm) degree course.
Entry to Robert Gordon is 4 Highers at ABBB (but typically AABB) including English and Chemistry, plus two further science subjects or Maths.
Entry to Strathclyde is 4 Highers at AAAB (English at B, Maths, Biology and Chemistry at A), plus Advanced Higher Biology and Chemistry at BB.
Check with institutions for full details and for widening access entry.
To work as a pharmacist you need to register with the General Pharmaceutical Council (GPhC). You can do this on completion of the necessary qualifications and one year pre-registration training (see 'Training' below).