General practitioner doctors (GPs) work in a local surgery with residents of the local area. They identify and treat a full range of illnesses and sometimes injuries from which their patients suffer. If necessary, they refer patients to a specialist or arrange for a stay in hospital.
You could be:
discussing all kinds of health problems with patients, and perhaps their relatives
examining the patient and either doing or arranging tests
identifying the cause of the problem from your own knowledge and experience or else from test results
if you can't diagnose the illness, or if the patient needs special treatment, referring the patient to a consultant
treating the patient – checking on the computer about the right kind of medicine, calculating the correct dosage and prescribing it
giving vaccinations to prevent illness and taking blood samples
consulting with other medical staff, often by letter or phone, about patients and their progress
keeping records on computers, completing forms and reports, or signing certificates.
As of April 2016, in most junior posts (Foundation Year 1) the basic salary is £23,672 a year. This increases to £29,361 in Foundation Year 2. Salaried GPs earn between £56,525 and £85,298 a year, depending on amongst other things, length of service and experience.
Self-employed GPs can choose between two different systems of funding for their practices: the traditional General Medical Services contract or the Primary Medical Services which lets the GP adapt the practice to local needs. The income for a full time self-employed GP is around £80,000 to £120,000 a year.
You usually work in a consulting room in a surgery or health centre.
You sometimes visit patients in their homes.
You usually work in a group practice with other doctors and nurses.
In remote areas you might work single-handed and have to arrange for a locum when you are on holiday or sick.
Working hours can be long (50 to 60 hours a week) with some work to be done outwith surgery times.
Part time work is common.
You might have to work some evenings and weekends and be on call for emergencies.
To qualify as a GP you need a degree in medicine and surgery which is recognised by the General Medical Council (GMC).
You can study the 5-year MB ChB course at the universities of Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Entry requirements are 5 good Highers, usually at one sitting, including Chemistry and (depending on the university) 1 or 2 from Maths, Biology and Physics, with English and science subjects at National 5. Although most institutions set the minimum entry of 5 Highers at AAAAB, the majority of applicants have AAAAA.
If you have 5 good Highers but not more than one science subject, the University of Dundee runs a 6-year course which includes a pre-medical year.
The 3-year BSc Hons Medicine at the University of St Andrews guarantees its graduates the chance to finish their training at one of the four Scottish medical schools or in Manchester.
There is a new course available at the universities of Dundee and St Andrews for those with an arts or science degree (at least 2:1). The Scottish Graduate Entry Medicine Programme (ScotGEM) is 4 years and leads to the MB ChB. There is a focus on rural health and it offers opportunities to train in remote and rural areas.
The HNC Applied Sciences (Pathway to Medicine option) at Perth College can lead on to the BSc Medicine at the University of St Andrews. Entry requirements for the Perth course: 1 Higher in Maths or a science subject, or Access to Science, including a pass in a science Higher.
For all courses except ScotGEM, before applying to medical school you must sit the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT). For entry in 2018 you must register and book a test before 19 September 2017 and sit the test by 3 October 2017. If you get an Educational Maintenance Allowance (EMA) you can apply for a bursary to cover the cost of the test. Check the website for further details at http://www.ukcat.ac.uk/
For the ScotGEM course you are required to sit both the UKCAT Situational Judgement Test for Admission to Clinical Education (SJTace) and the Graduate Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT). Dates for the SJTace are as above and the sittings for the GAMSAT are held in March and September.
For all courses except ScotGEM, you must apply to UCAS by 15 October 2017 for entry in 2018.
The ScotGEM programme opens for applications through UCAS on 1 September 2017 for 2018 entry (subject to approval from the General Medical Council).
You will require a satisfactory PVG (Protecting Vulnerable Groups) check to show that you are suitable for this type of work. Contact Disclosure Scotland for details.
You must undergo screening for blood borne diseases such as Hepatitis B and C or HIV. Infection does not prevent you from qualifying or practising as a doctor, but there is a restriction on carrying out exposure-prone procedures.
It is helpful to have a driving licence.
After your degree you do a 2-year foundation training programme, which gives you registration with the GMC, which you need to work as a doctor (see 'Training' below). Most GPs work for the National Health Service (NHS), but you might work in private practice. You could be a medical adviser to a company or the Benefits Agency, or a medical officer for the police and prison service.
able to communicate well with people from all backgrounds and of all ages
patient, understanding and able to put people at ease
good with your hands – and gentle when examining patients
able to handle and remember large amounts of information
confident – you will have to take important decisions affecting people
willing to take responsibility
accurate – when prescribing dosages
able to work alone and as part of a team.
After completing your degree, you must complete a 2-year Foundation Programme followed by a run-through Specialty and General Practice Programme. You can get details from the Scottish Medical Training website.
You can then apply for a Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) with entry to the Specialist or General Practice Register of the General Medical Council.
Throughout your working life you will take courses to keep up to date through Continuing Professional Development.
Once you have the CCT certificate you can become a partner in a general practice, or practise on your own.
You could become a GP with a Special Interest (GPwSI), getting involved in areas such as drugs misuse, women's health and family planning or endoscopy.
You might combine general practice with part time work in a hospital.
You might write on medical matters for a journal, newspaper or books.
You might be able to work abroad.
You might enjoy using the Taste of Medicine website developed by St. George's University of London, especially the interactive games and video profiles.
You may find 'Score Higher on the UKCAT' book, published by OUP Oxford, useful when preparing for the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT).
If you want a taste of what it is like to be a doctor and what to expect from the medical profession, then you should visit the Medic Insight website. This is a new programme run by NHS Lothian and NHS Tayside in conjunction with the Universities of Edinburgh and Dundee, and is aimed at S4 and S5 students considering a career in the profession. It is run in Edinburgh, Dundee and Glasgow as either a week-long event (June) or day-long event (February), and gives you access to consultancies, theatres and a wide range of specialties and levels of clinicians in a hospital setting. The website gives details on intake dates, availability and booking.
Courtesy of Scottish Government
The following organisations may be able to provide further information.
The Council's 'Entry Requirements' publication contains information on entry requirements for all of the UK’s publicly funded bachelor’s degrees in medicine. It is updated yearly from information passed directly from the medical schools.