A technical writer prepares manuals and other documents for users of products and systems. Subjects covered can include scientific and technological, chemical, medical and pharmaceutical, business and commercial systems and products or equipment for domestic use. They usually specialise in one particular field.
You could be:
- researching the subject and liaising with experts and users
- writing documents in a style most appropriate to the target audience
- working with illustrators, photographers and designers
- setting out the text ready for publication, using a word processing or desktop publishing package
- liaising with printing and translation companies
- presenting information in a range of formats, such as leaflets, manuals and DVDs
- using authoring software to create online help manuals, tutorials and reference guides
- checking, updating and re-writing existing documents
- checking the proof copy before it goes to print.
The figures below are only a guide. Actual pay rates may vary depending on:
- where you work
- the size of the company or organisation you work for
- the demand for the job.
The starting salary for technical writers is around £20,000 a year. With experience this can rise to between £30,000 and £55,000 a year or more.
Freelance rates are usually in the region of £20 to £35 an hour or £200 to £340 a day.
You may earn more as a freelance or consultant but you will have overheads to pay.
- You will usually be based in an office, working regular hours.
- If you are freelance, you might work alone from home but visit your clients as necessary.
- You may often have to work to tight deadlines involving evening and weekend work.
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- There is no set entry route for this career.
- Many entrants have a degree, Higher National Diploma (HND) or Higher National Certificate (HNC) in a scientific, computing, engineering or other relevant subject, such as communication studies or journalism.
- Entry to a degree course requires 4-5 Highers and some subjects at National 5, normally including a pass in English. HNDs and HNCs require 1-3 Highers plus some subjects at National 5. Many courses will ask for entry qualifications above the minimum.
- Entrants without a degree usually have experience in a relevant field.
Predicted Employment in Scotland
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What Does it Take?
You need to have:
- an analytical approach
- the ability to write in different styles
- the ability to simplify language and explain technical terms
- research skills
- an accurate and methodical approach
- specialist or wide knowledge of your subject area
- the ability to work to deadlines
- the necessary self-discipline to work alone
- good IT skills and knowledge of authoring software.
- Most entrants have relevant experience or qualifications, and training is usually on the job.
- The Institute of Scientific and Technical Communicators (ISTC) lists accredited training courses on their website.
- There are limited opportunities for promotion, except occasionally to editorial and managerial positions within the publication departments of big companies.
- Some of the work is freelance and part time.
- There may be opportunities to move into publishing, specialising in the fields of science or technology.
Technical writers are employed by organisations in a range of sectors, including central government, defence, finance, information technology, manufacturing and medicine.
The following organisations may be able to provide further information.
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