Science and Mathematics

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If you like the idea of developing new food products, testing anti-ageing serums, teaching, setting up businesses or studying the effects of pollution on marine life, then a career in science and mathematics may appeal to you.

You need to be logical, analytical, good at solving problems and accurate in your approach to work.

What areas can I work in?

The science and mathematics career area includes the wide range of careers in maths and the biological, chemical and physical sciences. It also includes materials science and food science and technology. 
If you think you may also be interested in other areas of technology you may want to look at the career areas for Engineering, Computing and ICT and Health and Medicine (including Medical Technology)

What kind of companies can I work for?

Science and mathematics play a part in a wide range of industries, so you could find yourself working for retail companies to local government or research and development firms.

What’s the job market like?

Job prospects in this career area still look promising, especially for highly qualified scientists and technicians, as the use of new technologies and products continues to grow.

The average salaries for full time science graduates in full time paid employment in the UK varied across the science subjects in 2017. Chemistry and Physics graduates saw the highest average salaries at £27,500 and £30,500 a year respectively.

In the academic year 2016/17, the percentage of science and maths graduates in full time employment after six months of graduating was: Biology 35.5%; Chemistry 42.8%; Physical and geographical sciences 44.2%; Physics 38.3%; and Mathematics 47.6%.

Of those, Chemistry graduates were more likely to find work as science professionals (17%), while Maths graduates found work primarily in business, HR and finance roles.

While science and mathematics graduates seem to have slightly lower employment rates across the overall subject spectrum, they are much more likely to take up further study or training, compared to other graduates: Biology 33.4%; Chemistry 33.2%; Physical and geographical sciences 26.1%; Physics 36.9%; and Mathematics 25.0%.

The life sciences and biotech sector aims to continue to grow biotechnology related turnover in Scotland to £8 billion by 2025.

Glasgow University are creating the Precision Medicine Living Lab situated in Govan. The Living Lab is projected to deliver 446 jobs over an 8 year period. 

Facts and figures

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Career Sectors


Chemistry and Materials Science

Food Science and Technology

Mathematics and Statistics


Science General