Bus and coach drivers pick up passengers and drop them off at bus stops along a set route. Some drivers will take passengers directly from one destination to another. They drive short distances in towns and cities, longer distances on intercity or country routes and may take passengers abroad if they work for holiday companies.
You could be:
driving a single or double decker bus, coach or articulated coach on short trips on local routes and keeping to a timetable
driving an intercity, express or hired coach, or a touring bus for day trips or longer excursions within the country or abroad
making sure passengers get on and off safely, opening and closing doors and using a hydraulic system to lower the bus to make it easier to get on
giving passengers information about fares, routes, connections or bus times
collecting fares, issuing tickets and checking passes and season tickets
keeping in regular radio contact with headquarters to find out about traffic, weather conditions and roadworks or accidents which could cause delays or route changes
helping passengers load and unload luggage and helping disabled passengers to get on and off the bus
on tourist trips, telling passengers about places of interest throughout the journey
doing routine maintenance such as checking lights, brakes, fuel and tyres and reporting any faults.
The figures below are only a guide. Actual pay rates may vary, depending on:
where you work
the size of the company or organisation you work for
the demand for the job.
Trainees working towards the PCV licence may earn around £9 an hour. With experience, this can rise to £13.00 - £15.00 an hour.
If you work for a company providing a local bus service you might do the same route each day in a town or city or on regular school runs.
If you work for a hire company you could have more variety, such as taking football supporters to matches or children on school trips.
You might work shifts, including split shifts on longer journeys when breaks must be taken and you might have overnights away from home.
You might work evenings, nights, weekends and public holidays.
You will have to sit for long periods in a confined space.
You usually have to wear a uniform, and sometimes high visibility clothing.
There are rules on the number of hours you can work over a week or fortnight, which depends on the number of passengers you carry and the distance of the route.
Every five years you must complete a medical declaration or medical examination, depending on age.
A good general education is useful. Some employers may prefer you to have some subjects at National 4 or 5, including English and Maths.
You need a Passenger Carrying Vehicle (PCV) licence. You need to have held a full UK car driving licence for at least 12 months and have no more than 3 penalty points before being able to obtain the PCV licence.
Once you have your provisional PCV (category D) licence you can drive a bus to prepare for the PCV driving test and the Driver Certificate of Professional Competence (CPC).
You must pass the PCV driving test and the additional five tests (theory and practical) that make up the CPC to qualify.
You can train for a PCV licence when you are 18, but to drive large busses carrying public passengers you must be 20.
You will need to pass a medical and undergo tests for alcohol and drugs.
You will require a satisfactory criminal record check from Disclosure Scotland to show that you are suitable for this type of work. Contact Disclosure Scotland for details on the type you would need.
You may have to sit additional tests in driving and arithmetic, set by the employer.
The DVSA replaced the Driving Standards Agency (DSA) in April 2014. Its aim is to promote road safety through improving driving standards, testing drivers, motorcyclists and driving instructors, maintaining the registers of Approved Driving Instructors and Large Goods Vehicle Instructors and supervising training for learner motorcyclists.