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Welders cut, join and shape plates or sections of metal together by applying extreme heat using electric or gas equipment. The edges of the metal melt and then bind together as they cool, creating a permanent join.

The Work

There are three main types of welding: manual (using hand held equipment), semi-automatic and fully mechanised, so the job can vary.

Depending on the type of industry you work in, you could be:


The figures below are only a guide. Actual salaries may vary, depending on:

A Modern Apprentice may start on the National Minimum Wage (NMW). At present the apprentice rate, for those aged under 19 or aged 19 or over and in the first year of their apprenticeship, is £4.81 an hour (1 April 2022). Some employers may pay their apprentices more.

Salaries for qualified welders are normally in the range of £10.00 to £18.00 an hour, depending on specialist skills. Bonuses and extra pay for shift work are common.


Workforce Employment Status

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Getting In

There are openings for welders in both heavy engineering industries and shipyards and in light engineering factories. There can also be jobs in construction, transport, civil engineering and the oil and gas industry.

What Does it Take?

You need to be:

You need to have:


Getting On


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The following organisations may be able to provide further information.

Engineering Construction Industry Training Board (ECITB)
Twitter: @ECITB_Skills

Enginuity (formerly SEMTA)
Tel: 0845 643 9001
Twitter: @Enginuity_Org

Welding Institute (TWI)
Tel: 01223 899000
Twitter: @WeldingInst

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