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Geneticists research the inherited traits of humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms. They can use special methods to modify genetic material. They are sometimes called molecular geneticists or clinical scientists.

The Work

You could be:


The figures below are only a guide. Actual pay rates may vary, depending on:

The starting salaries for new genetics graduates tend to be around £18,000 to £20,000. Well qualified and experienced geneticists can earn more than £47,000 a year.

Pre-registration trainee clinical scientists working in the NHS start on Band 6, £35,522 to £43,286 a year, and registered clinical scientists are on Band 7, £43,422 to £50,506 a year. Principal clinical scientists are on Band 8a, £53,513 to £57,767 a year and Band 8b, £63,530 to £68,223 a year.

You could also work as a specialist biomedical scientist within the NHS on Band 6, £35,522 to £43,286 a year.

The current pay scales are from April 2022.

Salaries for research posts at universities range from around £25,000 to £40,000 a year.


Workforce Employment Status

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Getting In

You could do research and clinical work in hospitals or universities. Agricultural, pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries employ researchers and technicians as well as geneticists who work in management, marketing, sales and public relations. Government departments employ staff with knowledge of genetics to develop science policies and give advice.

What Does it Take?

You need to be:

You should have:


Getting On

More Information

The IntoBiology website is a good source of information on what you can do with a career in biology and includes videos, projects and study skills.


Courtesy of NHS Careers


The following organisations may be able to provide further information.

British Society for Genetic Medicine
Tel: 020 3925 3675

Genetics Society
Tel: 020 3925 3672
Twitter: @GenSocUK

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Food Science and Technology

Mathematics and Statistics


Science General