Animals, Land and Environment

Animals, Land and Environment Image

Do you like working outdoors in the fresh air, or like the idea of working with animals? You might enjoy working with engines or machinery, or want to help save the world from the impact of global warming! If this all seems wide ranging, then you will find that this career area stretches across many disciplines, abilities and areas of expertise, from science or forestry, to fishing or mechanics!

The land based industry makes up 6% of all UK businesses – employing 660,000 people.

Lantra (the Sector Skills Council for food based and environmental businesses) have developed a new STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) resource which highlights how STEM is used within land-based, environmental conservation and aquaculture careers. This helps to demonstrate the range of careers available in these sectors.  

What areas can I work in?

This career area is concerned with the natural world and appeals to those interested in animal care, the countryside, planting and landscaping, and the environment.     

Jobs and courses are available in agriculture, aquaculture and fishing, arboriculture and horticulture, earth studies, environmental and rural resource management, environmental services, forestry and working with animals.

To see the routes to getting into each of these sectors, take a look at our Career Pathway.

What kind of companies can I work for?

What’s the job market like?

According to Lantra, advances in technology, such as automation to reduce human labour, means there is increasing demand for highly skilled staff in this industry. As well as essential skills and knowledge, for example, health and safety, literacy and numeracy, the most sought-after skills are:

In many cases, job prospects can depend on where you live, or are prepared to live, as well as on the type of work you do and your qualifications. 

In Scotland, around 46% of jobs have high potential for automation, or some 1.2 million jobs. Increased automation has been a feature of the sector over decades, although demand remains for elementary occupations.

Growing awareness of climate change and the need for sustainable development is also creating opportunities for younger entrants with transferable skills. 

Facts and figures

Want to find out more?



DYW Skills Academy

Career Pathway

Animals, Land and Environment Career Pathway
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Career Sectors


Aquaculture and Fishing

Arboriculture and Horticulture

Earth Studies

Environmental and Rural Resource Management

Environmental Services


Work with Animals