Ceramic designers create a wide range of decorative or functional items such as tableware, tiles and sculptures by shaping and firing clay. They create designs either as a 'one-off' made in a workshop for a client, or for mass production.
You could be:
- sketching designs by hand, or using 3D computer aided design software, either for your own work, a client, or for a design brief if employed by a company
- working with a wide range of materials such as stoneware, earthenware, terracotta, bone china or porcelain
- hand making pots and vases either by shaping on a potter's wheel, or by hand building, involving rolling coils of clay and smoothing them together
- using moulds or hand operated machinery to create multiple items such as bowls, plates, bottles or decorative pieces
- making and decorating tiles used for floors, walls or fireplaces
- hand building decorative sculptures using slabs or small lumps of clay to build up over a frame or ‘armature’ for support
- decorating your work either by directly painting glaze to the surface or applying photo transfers, and then stacking in a kiln (oven) for firing
- if working in manufacturing, overseeing the production of work on a factory floor
- keeping up to date with design trends and promoting or selling your work online, at craft fairs, galleries or through a shop.
The figures below are only a guide. Actual salaries may vary, depending on:
- where you work
- the size of company or organisation you work for
- the demand for the job
- the type of craft work you are doing.
Starting salaries for ceramic designers in the UK can be in the range of £16,000 to £22,000 a year. Experienced designers can earn more. Many ceramic designers are self-employed or work freelance. They charge a fee, which varies depending on the item designed or made, and on their reputation. The better known they are, the more they can charge.
- You would work in a studio, factory or from your own home.
- Working conditions may be noisy, dusty and hot in a workshop environment.
- The work is usually messy, where you can work with liquid plaster, liquid clay (called ‘slip’), and powder pigment glazes.
- You sometimes need to use protective gear such as gloves, goggles and an apron.
- You may sometimes work with hazardous substances when mixing coloured glazes, so you need to wear a face mask.
- You might have to work long hours, including evenings and weekends, to meet deadlines.
- You might travel to meet clients, or attend exhibitions, in order to promote and sell your work.
Workforce Employment Status
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- There are no formal entry requirements but most people have a qualification in art and design, specialising in ceramic art or 3D craft design.
- You could take a National Certificate (NC), National Qualification (NQ), Higher National Certificate (HNC), Higher National Diploma (HND) or a degree course.
- You do not always need qualifications to get into an NC or NQ, although some courses may require up to 4-5 subjects at National 4 or 5. For an HNC or HND you usually need 1-2 Highers or an NC or NQ, and for a degree, 3-4 Highers including English and Art and Design.
- You normally need a portfolio of art work for entry to college or university.
- If you are very talented and have an extremely good portfolio, you might get into an HNC, HND or degree course with less than the normal minimum academic requirements.
- Gray's School of Art at Robert Gordon University offers a degree course in Three Dimensional Design. Entry requirements are 3 Highers at BBC including English and Art and Design.
For art school courses you need to apply through UCAS. Some courses have a closing date of 15th January and others have the closing date of 24th March.
Workforce Education Levels (UK)
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Job Outlook Scotland
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Job Outlook Scotland and UK
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What Does it Take?
You need to be:
- artistic and naturally creative
- practical when using tools and materials
- able to use specialist computer software
- accurate and attentive to detail
- knowledgeable about materials and working processes
- able to work under pressure to meet deadlines
- aware of health and safety working procedures
- able to accept criticism of your work
- business aware, if self-employed.
- You would continue to develop your skills and experience through on the job training if employed, or by attending further workshops or courses.
- You could set up your own company, making and selling your own designs, or employing others to produce your designs if you are quite successful.
- Getting work is competitive so promoting yourself and building up a network of contacts is important to establish yourself if you are working freelance.
- You could design for manufacturers on a freelance basis.
- There are fewer opportunities for promotion if you work in a small craft workshop.
- You may also do other jobs such as teaching or running a craft shop, to supplement your income.
Young Scot and Creative Scotland operate the 'Nurturing Talent - Time to Shine Fund', which aims to support young people aged 14-20 and interested in developing skills in: Drama, Dance, Music, Film, Visual Arts, Literature or Digital Arts. Both individuals and groups can apply for funding ranging from £50 to £600. For more information see the Young Scot website.
The following organisations may be able to provide further information.
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