Storyboard artists work with directors to visually interpret TV, advert or film scripts. They produce a sequence of drawn or digital images, similar to comic strips, called storyboards, to visualise the story.
Storyboards are used by directors to help them achieve their vision, and to instruct other departments, such as camera crew or wardrobe, what they have to do in the production.
You could be:
reading the script and meeting the director to discuss the mood and overall theme
making sketches of key scenes in sequence, ensuring continuity (keeping details or the storyline connected)
visualising scenes from the camera viewpoint, plotting character positions, angles, and other elements in each frame
detailing shots or action scenes before filming, to avoid reshoots and exceeding the budget
amending scenes to reflect changes in script or comments from the director
producing ‘rough’ drawings where not much detail is needed, such as a computer generated film
producing ‘clean’ drawings where high detail is needed, such as a TV production or overseas production
creating final storyboards for production, such as specifying camera angles, character mood, dialogue indication or wardrobe or prop requirements
addressing any technical or budgetary restrictions, and producing work to tight schedules.
The figures below are only a guide. Actual salaries may vary, depending on:
where you work
the size of company or organisation you work for
the demand for the job.
Most storyboard artists are freelance. The Broadcasting Entertainment Cinematograph and Theatre Union (BECTU) website publishes the latest rates as proposed by the British Film Designers Guild Art Department Salary Guide (June 2017).
Major feature film: £1,890 - £2,520
Medium/Small feature or International TV: £1,525 - £1,945
TV Drama: £1,470 - £1,840
Commercial (Day): £513.
Storyboard artists can earn from £16,000 to £20,000 a year. With experience this can rise to around £30,000 to £40,000 a year.
You would normally work from a design studio, maybe within the art department of a production studio.
You might work alone, or be based in a studio with an animation team or other storyboard artists.
You spend most of your time sitting at either a drawing board or computer.
You may spend some time onsite for planning and site development.
You will often work under pressure, as the work turnaround for storyboarding stage can be fast. You might produce concepts and finished storyboards in a few hours or a few days, depending on the production.
Working hours can be long and irregular with weekend work to reach deadlines.
Many contracts are on a temporary or freelance basis.
Most entrants are art and design graduates, but skills and experience are more important than qualifications in this work.
You could study for a degree, Higher National Certificate or Diploma (HNC or HND) in graphics, illustration, fine art or animation.
Entry to HNC or HND courses is usually 1-2 Highers, normally including English and Art and Design. Entry to degree courses are usually 4-5 Highers, including English and Art and Design.
Some animation and illustration courses teach storyboarding skills.
You need a good portfolio of artwork for entry to courses and jobs and it's a good idea to have a website with an online portfolio.
You need to understand basic film making or animation. Knowledge of film cameras and lenses can also be useful.
You need to make contacts in the field to get work. You should visit or email advertising agencies or film studios on spec, perhaps offering to carry out work on a freelance basis in the first instance.
You might start out as an animator or illustrator.
You may have to do work for low budget or smaller productions for no or little pay to get experience and build up a working portfolio.
Employers rarely advertise vacancies, and most work is through built up contacts. You can look for work with broadcasting companies, advertising agencies, live event planners, production studios, video producers, or computer games companies.
a good understanding about film theory or production
knowledge of layout, composition, human form and motion
a good sense of timing, sequential drawing and editing
the ability to use computer software.
to be able to take instructions and accept criticism
the ability to draw and work quickly
a flexible approach for different styles and types of production
good communication and presentation skills
to be able to work to schedules and deadlines
the ability to work either alone or as part of a team
business skills if you are self-employed.
Short courses are available in storyboarding for people with experience of working in the industry.
Building contacts is important to getting more work and getting on in this industry.
With experience you could work for larger productions or clients.
You could get work as a storyboard supervisor in larger productions.
You could move into other areas such as comic book work or computer game design and development.
Young Scot and Creative Scotland operate the 'Nurturing Talent - Time to Shine Fund', which aims to support young people aged 11-25 and interested in developing creative or artistic skills. Both individuals and groups can apply for funding ranging from £50 to £1,000. For more information see the Young Scot website.
Creative and Cultural Skills is the Sector Skills Council for advertising, crafts, cultural heritage, design, music, performing, literary and visual arts.
Creative Choices is their career information website.