Care assistants, sometimes referred to as support workers or care workers, help people who need assistance with their personal care or daily activities. This can be within peoples’ homes, day centres or residential or nursing homes.
You could be:
helping with physical tasks and giving social and emotional support
helping people to live more independently in their community
caring for children with additional needs or behavioural problems
helping people with personal care and befriending them, such as listening to their concerns and discussing any worries
helping people with household tasks such as laundry, ironing, cooking and cleaning
going shopping and helping with financial tasks, such as paying bills and claiming benefits
arranging social events and activities
reporting any changes in health or behaviour in the people you care for
helping draw up, and review, care plans for your clients.
The figures below are only a guide. Actual pay rates may vary, depending on:
where you work
the size of the company or organisation you work for
the demand for the job.
Starting pay is often based on the National Minimum Wage (NMW) or the National Living Wage (NLW).
As of 1 April 2023 the National Minimum Wage is £5.28 an hour for workers under 18, £7.49 an hour for workers aged 18 to 20 and £10.18 an hour for workers aged 21 to 22. The National Living Wage for those aged 23 and over is £10.42 an hour.
With experience and shift allowances you could earn around £18.00 an hour.
The apprentice rate, for those aged under 19 or aged 19 or over and in the first year of their apprenticeship, is £5.28 an hour (1 April 2023). Some employers pay their apprentices more than the minimum rate.
You could work with children, people with physical or learning disabilities, or older people.
You may work in a residential or nursing home, a day centre or in people’s own homes.
You might have to wear protective clothing.
There might be some lifting of older people, or people with a disability.
You are likely to have to work shifts including some evenings and weekends.
If you work in a residential home, you may sometimes have to sleep overnight, or even live-in.
willing to help people unable to care for themselves
willing to help clients to be independent
able to cope with difficult situations – you may need to calm clients who are upset
aware of basic health and hygiene rules
sensible and practical.
Training is on the job including courses in moving and handling, first aid and infection control.
Care workers must achieve SSSC Registration within 6 months of taking up employment. Relevant qualifications for registration include SVQ Social Services and Healthcare at SCQF Level 6, or HNC Social Services.
You may go on to study for SVQ Social Services and Healthcare at SCQF Level 7.
You will do short courses to keep up to date with new laws affecting support workers.
With experience and further training, such as SVQ Care Services Leadership and Management at SCQF Level 10, you may be able become a senior care assistant, supervisor or a senior manager (for example see Care Home Manager).