Coastguards direct 24-hour search and rescue operations throughout the UK. They are also known as Maritime Operations Officers.
You could be:
giving ships information about weather, tides and sea conditions
receiving radio messages, including distress calls, from ships
handling emergency calls and arranging search and rescue operations
requesting emergency help from lifeboats, helicopters, other ships and from emergency services including ambulance
training and supervising rescue teams, which may include coastguard rescue officers (CROs) – volunteers who support the work of their full time colleagues
maintaining high technology equipment
giving information on navigation, safety and coastguard matters to individuals (including small boat owners), groups, the media or the government
observing and recording weather conditions and sea conditions, and keeping logs of daily activities.
The figures below are only a guide. Actual pay rates may vary, depending on where you work.
You would start as a maritime operations officer (MOO) on £27,747 a year (this is a base salary of £22,497 plus £5,250 shift allowances).
A senior coastal operations officer earns £31,349 including allowances.
Coastguard rescue officer (CRO) is a voluntary role, however you are entitled to claim expenses for training and responding to emergencies.
Coastguards work for the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA), a UK government agency. The heart of the national coastguard rescue co-ordination is based in Hampshire at the Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre and has 10 Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centres (MRCCs) around the coast of Britain from Shetland in the north to Falmouth in the south. Three are in Scotland: Aberdeen, Shetland (Lerwick) and Stornoway.
You would work mainly indoors at these centres.
You would have to take part in investigations or search and rescue operations, outdoors in difficult weather conditions. You may have to work at heights, particularly if you are involved in cliff rescue work.
The work can be hazardous and physically demanding.
You would work a shift pattern of 4 days on/4 days off, consisting of two 12-hour day watches, two 12-hour night watches and then 4 days off.
You would wear a uniform and, when necessary, protective clothing.
Most entrants start as a maritime operations officer (MOO). There are no set entry requirements although you should have a good standard of literacy, numeracy and IT skills. It helps if you have 3 subjects at National 4 or 5 including English and Maths.
As a senior coastal operations officer (SCOO) you would need extensive experience of the sea or experience in a professional search and rescue role, together with an acceptable standard of literacy and numeracy.
You could also apply to be a voluntary coastguard rescue officer (CRO) to gain experience, which may be of benefit when paid jobs become available. Find out more about this on Gov.uk website.
Whichever level you start at you must note the following information.
You must be at least 18 years of age.
You must have a UK driving licence.
For SMOO posts, the need for experience of the sea or search and rescue means that this is often a second career.
You must be very fit and pass a medical examination – you need stamina and strength for rescue work.
You need good eyesight, hearing and a clear voice.
CROs must live or work within 30 minutes travelling time from the rescue station.
Previous experience as a coastguard rescue officer may be helpful – contact your nearest coastguard station for details.
MOOs are recruited locally and you should contact your nearest coastguard station if you are interested. Vacancies are advertised on the MCA website. SCOO posts are advertised in local Jobcentre Plus offices, on the Find a Job website and on the MCA website.