Hair stylists shampoo, cut, colour, curl and style people's hair. They may specialise in particular services, techniques or client groups.
You could be:
- talking to clients about how they want their hair and advising on styles
- cutting and styling hair using a variety of equipment; scissors, clippers, straighteners, rollers, hot brushes and dryers
- washing and conditioning hair, perhaps offering special treatments such as head massage or deep conditioning treatments
- tinting, colouring, permanently waving or straightening hair using tints, bleaches and lotions
- applying styling products such as gel, mousse, wax or spray
- trimming beards and moustaches
- advising on simple hair problems and suggesting possible treatments or recommending hair products
- answering the phone, making appointments, preparing bills and ordering supplies
- keeping the salon clean and tidy, making sure supplies are readily available and chemicals stored away safely.
The figures below are only a guide. Actual pay rates may vary, depending on:
- where you work
- the size of the company or organisation you work for
- the demand for the job.
The starting salary is often based on the National Minimum Wage (NMW).
As of 1 April 2018 the National Minimum Wage is £4.20 an hour for workers aged 16 to 17, £5.90 an hour for workers aged 18 to 20 and £7.38 an hour for workers aged 21 to 24. The National Living Wage is £7.83 for workers aged 25 and over.
After experience this could rise to £9.50 an hour, or higher in large salons.
At present the apprentice rate, for those aged under 19 or aged 19 or over and in the first year of their apprenticeship, is £3.70 an hour (April 2018).
Tips from customers, and possibly commission from products you may sell in the salon, can boost your income.
- You work in a hair salon.
- You would work around 40 hours a week.
- You might work as a mobile hairdresser, visiting people in their homes.
- You stand for most of the day.
- You have to bend and stretch a lot.
- Salons can be very busy and are sometimes hot and humid.
- You might work some evenings and weekends.
- Part time work is usually available.
- You would wear overalls and protective gloves when handling some solutions.
Workforce Employment Status
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- Many entrants train through a Modern Apprenticeship. A good general education is useful. Some employers prefer 2 subjects at National 5 including English and perhaps Maths.
- You could take a full time course as the first step. There is a range of courses: National Certificates and National Qualifications (NCs and NQs) and Scottish Vocational Qualifications (SVQs) at SCQF Levels 4-6.
- Entry requirements vary from no formal entry requirements to some subjects at National 4 or 5.
- You should not be prone to allergies.
Job prospects in the industry are steady. There are jobs for hair stylists in salons big and small throughout the UK.
Workforce Education Levels (UK)
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Job Outlook Scotland
Percentage of workforce registered as unemployed (Scotland)
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Job Outlook Scotland and UK
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What Does it Take?
You need to be:
- smart and well presented
- artistic and creative with an eye for colour and form
- a good listener and able to take instructions
- able to work quickly and accurately
- able to work under pressure
- a good team worker.
You need to have:
- good technical skills and a steady hand
- an interest in fashion and the latest trends and products
- good communication skills and a friendly manner
- an awareness of health and safety issues.
- If you follow an apprenticeship you would do much of your training on the job supervised by experienced hair stylists. You may also attend college part time, where you would be able to work towards relevant SVQs.
- If you take a full time course as the first step and then go into a job, you might be able to study part time for advanced qualifications.
- You would study to SVQ at SCQF Level 6 to train as a senior stylist.
- You must also keep up to date with changing styles and fashions by attending short courses from time to time.
- Manufacturers run short courses on new hair colouring and styling products.
- If you have a relevant SVQ at SCQF Level 5 you can apply to the Hairdressing Council to become a State Registered Graduate Hairdresser.
- Salons which are part of a chain offer better promotion prospects or the chance to specialise in particular styles or techniques.
- You could open your own salon.
- You could become a senior stylist or, as they are sometimes known, a creative director.
- If you have enough experience and training you could become a salon manager.
- In addition to salons, there are openings in hotels and cruise ships.
- You might move into film and television or the fashion industry.
- You could teach in further education colleges or become a consultant for companies producing hair products.
- A few hairdressers go on to further study to become trichologists. Trichologists look at the health of the hair and scalp.
- With 3 years' experience, you can apply to the Hairdressing Council to become a State Registered Senior Hairdresser.
Choose Hair is an initiative set up to help inspire young people into the industry. For further information, visit their website.
The following organisations may be able to provide further information.
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