Nail technicians offer a range of cosmetic treatments for clients’ nails. This includes applying, repairing and removing artificial nails (nail technology) and decorating them (nail art).
You could be:
checking the customer’s hands for skin or nail problems
discussing what the customer wants and advising on the most suitable treatment
in a manicure, massaging the client's forearms and hands, or in a pedicure, the lower legs and feet
preparing the client’s nails by removing old extensions or polish, cleaning and softening the cuticles, treating the skin around the nails and filing the edge and surface of the nails
applying nail extensions by using acrylic, gel, fibre glass or silk wraps
cutting, filing and shaping each nail into the desired style then apply different types of nail polish in the colour of the client’s choice
using a special UV lamp to set gel nail polish
painting patterns and colours on nails, either freehand or using a stencil
advising on aftercare to lengthen the life of extensions and polish and prevent infection.
The figures below are only a guide. Actual salaries may vary, depending on:
where you work
the size of the company or organisation you work for
the demand for the job.
Starting pay is often based on the National Minimum Wage (NMW) or the National Living Wage (NLW).
As of 1 April 2021 the National Minimum Wage is £4.62 an hour for workers aged 16 to 17, £6.56 an hour for workers aged 18 to 20 and £8.36 an hour for workers aged 21 to 22. The National Living Wage is £8.91 for workers aged 23 and over. With experience this can rise to around £15 an hour.
You usually sit at a table with the client, in a nail salon or nail bar, hairdressing or beauty salon.
You would wear a salon uniform or a white coat. Some technicians wear a face mask.
You must keep your work area clean and follow health and safety regulations on hygiene.
You may work alone or with other technicians, hairdressers or therapists.
You might have to work some evenings and weekends.
In some areas you do not need formal qualifications to train as a nail technician.
Some people who first train in other aspects of beauty therapy go on to specialise in nail technology and nail art after studying part time for Vocational Training Charitable Trust (VTCT) or other qualifications.
There are training courses in nail treatments, nail technology and nail art, or including these subjects, at further education colleges and private training centres throughout the UK.
In Scotland, there is the SVQ Nail Services at SCQF Levels 5 and 6. The HNC and HND in Beauty Therapy offers units in nail treatments and in hand, foot and nail therapies. For entry to SVQ at SCQF Level 6, you need SVQ at SCQF Level 5. For entry to an HNC or HND, you need up to 2 Highers or an appropriate SVQ or NC.
If you suffer from allergies or sensitive skin, you may find that some of the materials will cause irritation. Some of the chemicals cause fumes – good ventilation in the premises is important. You need normal colour vision.
Opportunities for nail technicians have been increasing because of the growing popularity of nail extensions and nail art. There are employment opportunities in beauty or hairdressing salons, specialist nail salons, large department stores, airports and shopping malls.
You can find jobs on the Find a Job service on the GOV.UK website or other recruitment websites.
Courses offered by the Vocational Training Charitable Trust (VTCT) are available at a number of centres.
There is no formal promotion structure for nail technicians. Many aim to become self-employed.
You could set up your own salon, or provide a mobile service visiting clients in their own homes. You could also broaden your range of services by studying for additional courses in areas such as massage or ear piercing.
If you run your own business, you may need a licence from the local authority environmental health department. The requirements for a licence may vary from area to area.
You could work on cruise ships or, with more training, in spa therapy.
A small number of nail technicians work with fashion designers and photographers, producing elaborate and highly ornamental nails for fashion shows or magazines.