Clothing alteration hands use sewing machines or hand sewing skills to alter or repair clothes to suit customers. You may work in a specialist shop such as bridal wear. Other job titles include seamstress, dressmaker or tailor (see job profile Tailor or Dressmaker).
Clothing alteration hands work on jackets, suits, trousers, coats, skirts, dresses, shirts and other items of clothing such as wedding dresses.
You could be:
discussing with a customer what type of alterations they want, or recommending how much needs altering
altering or repairing garments which the customer brings in, or making final minor adjustments to new made-to-measure or ready-to-wear garments to fit customers
measuring the customer and marking the garment with chalk or pins to show where to make the alterations
using a sewing machine, iron press and other equipment
where necessary, stitching or tacking by hand, removing stitching and re-stitching
taking in or letting out waistbands; taking up or letting down hems; putting in and pressing pleats; altering sleeves
repairing garments: patching or darning holes; replacing zips and buttons; carrying out invisible mending
using chemicals or heat to fuse linings and inner canvases to outer fabrics
ironing or pressing garments.
The figures below are only a guide. Actual pay rates may vary, depending on:
where you work
the size of the company or organisation you work for
the demand for the job.
Starting pay is often based on the National Minimum Wage (NMW) or the National Living Wage (NLW).
As of 1 April 2022 the National Minimum Wage is £4.81 an hour for workers aged 16 to 17, £6.83 an hour for workers aged 18 to 20 and £9.18 an hour for workers aged 21 to 22. The National Living Wage is £9.50 for workers aged 23 and over. With experience this can rise to between £10.00 and £13.50 an hour.
Self-employed alteration hands charge their own rates.
You would usually work 35-40 hours a week, often including evenings and weekends.
Hours are often flexible, and part time work is common.
You could work in a sales area which is open to the public, or in the workshop.
If you are self-employed you might work from your own home.
some knowledge or experience of sewing — by hand or machine
a good eye for style and detail
patience and tact
skill in working with your hands
business skills if you are self-employed.
You need to be able to:
take accurate measurements
prioritise your work load
work to deadlines
work on your own and as part of a team.
Training is usually on the job.
You may work alongside an experienced member of staff as their assistant.
Alteration hands often work in small companies with no formal promotion structure. Even in department stores the alteration section is likely to be small, so there are limited opportunities for promotion.